Did you know you can use chromatography to separate the different colours in the coating of colourful candy? This fun science experiment is perfect for learning about separating mixtures and can even be used as a science and art activity too!

This activity can also be found in my new book Snackable Science. If you click the image below you can download the instructions from the book in printable form! Hopefully it gives you a feel of what the book is like. There are 59 other edible activities to try, so plenty to keep everyone busy ( and well fed ) for a long time!

Candy Chromatography experiment with FREE printable #candychromatography #scienceforkids #candyscience

What is Chromatography?

Chromatography is a technique used to separate mixtures. The mixture is passed through another substance, in this case filter paper. The different colour ink particles travel at different speeds through the filter paper allowing us to see the constituent colours of the pen ink.

What you need for candy chromatography

M & Ms, Skittles or other coloured candy

Water

Pipette (UK : http://amzn.to/2wavyHO US: http://amzn.to/2eYqSkY )

Tray or plate

Water

Filter paper cut into strips. ( UK: http://amzn.to/2vivaKZ US: http://amzn.to/2hdA6ur )

Test tubes or thin beakers ( UK: http://amzn.to/2vUIItr US: http://amzn.to/2eXLVV7 )

Paper clips

Chromatography Instructions

Place the candy onto a plate. It’s a good idea to use different colour sweets, so you can easily compare the results.

Candy Chromatography - chemistry experiment for kids

Carefully use a pipette to drop water onto the sweets and leave for a few minutes, until colour from the sweets dissolves into the water.

Water being dropped onto an M & M as party of a candy chromatography experiment

Use a pipette to suck up the coloured water and carefully drop onto the bottom of a strip of filter paper.

Use one strip for each colour of sweet.

Thread a paper clip through the filter papers and leave to rest in a test tube of water with just the bottom of the paper in the water,

Leave for about 10 minutes and observe what happens.

Filter paper after using chromatography to separate different colours in candy

The filter paper shows different colour bands because the colouring on the candy shells is a mixture of colours.

Can you guess which filter paper was  a green sweet?

Chromatography Extension Ideas

Try to separate felt tip pen colours. Investigate to discover whether you get the same results as with candy for each colour? For example, are the colours in a green Skittle and a green M&M the same?

If you enjoyed this investigation why not try our other exciting candy science ideas too.

How are mixtures separated?

Mixtures can be separated in lots of different ways, I’ve listed a few below.

  • Mixtures with a solid suspended in a liquid can be separated by filtering. Try experimenting with a paper towel filter or sand and stone filter.
  • Decanting is where a liquid is separated from a solid which has settled by pouring the liquid carefully out of the container leaving the solid behind.
  • Centrifugation is where a substance is spun very quickly forcing the heavier particles to the bottom.
  • Distillation is a process where mixtures are separated by heating. The vapour of the liquid with the lowest boiling point is released first. The vapours can then be condensed using something called a Liebig condenser.

More Chromatography Investigations

Add a bit of science to phonics learning with this fun chromatography and phonics activity.

Try some art and science with these chromatography butterflies

This activity is also found in Snackable Science!

Image credit below – Snackable Science

Easy Candy Chromatography experiment. Discover how to separate mixtures with this easy chromatography experiment. #scienceforkids #candyscience #candyexperiments

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FREE Candy Chromatography Printable Science Experiment Instructions #CandyScience #ScienceExperiments
FREE Experiment Printable taken from Snackable Science

Contains affiliate links

The post Candy Chromatography appeared first on Science Experiments for Kids.

Originally posted at Science Sparks